Starting Your Own Garage Gym – The Olympic Weight Plates
In this article, we’ll continue the discussion about starting your own garage gym. If you’ve been following along, you’ve picked out a power rack that will let you safely pre-position and lift heavily loaded barbells for the essential, basic, strength training movements, and you’ve zeroed in on an Olympic weightlifting barbell that will meet the needs of your preferred training style, such as CrossFit, that requires a mix of the classic strength exercises as well as Olympic lifts.
But a barbell with no Olympic weight plates isn’t a challenge for very long. In this article, we’ll discuss the Olympic style weight plates you need.
I fled the commercial gyms, and headed to the garage, over 12 years ago, and have never looked back. The crowds, the fees, the drive time, the inadequate equipment – it was no longer worth the expense.
Sure, it makes sense to have a membership and the associated fees – if you use the amenities, like the group classes, or if you need a trainer, or if you simply don’t have the space or equipment to host your own gym.
But the reality is that true effective strength and endurance training can be accomplished for far less cost, and inconvenience right in your garage or home gym. In this series of articles, we’re highlighting the essential gear. Modify these plans as you see fit, after all – it’s your garage – and ultimately the garage gym is about freedom.
The Olympic barbell uses weight plates with a 2.0-inch diameter hole in the center. Beyond that you can choose metal plates (iron or steel, and typically used for bodybuilding and powerlifting) or bumper plates (used for the Olympic lifts that are popular in CrossFit training – the snatch, and clean and jerk).
What are bumper plates? They are plates made completely out of very dense rubber – and they are meant to be safely dropped from overhead. They are wider than steel (or iron) plates, because rubber is not as dense as iron. They are typically more expensive as well, it’s hard to make a product that can survive drops from overhead for years. Please note that steel plates with a thin rubber coating are not bumper plates – they cannot be dropped – or damage ensues.
Why would you want to drop a loaded barbell from overhead? It’s often necessary for the Olympic lifts – if you have to bail on a failed clean, jerk, or snatch. It’s also the energy efficient way to end the lift. Let it drop to the floor. It’s not impossible to lower a heavy barbell from overhead, but if you have bumper plates – why bother?
But even beyond the question of steel vs bumper plates – there’s still a few key decision points you should know about.
Olympic Weight Plates – How Do You Want to Train?
What sort of training do you intend to do? If you are training the power lifts – the squat, deadlift, bench press, and overhead press – these are lifts done for pure strength training, they are done slowly, and do not involve dropping the barbell – then steel or iron plates are a fine choice.
Iron or steel plates are cheap, durable, and readily available. Nearly any sporting goods store will have iron plates. Buying them locally helps save on shipping costs. Check craigslist and local garage sales as well for used weight plates. That’s going to be the most bang for your buck – it’s hard to wreck iron plates. They may look old, rusty, or grimy, but when it comes to iron or steel – weight is weight. The only recommendation we’d add on used weight plates – weigh them – you might be surprised how far they are off from spec – especially for the cheapest cast iron plates.
But if you want a sharp looking product, and buying local isn’t an option – here’s a good choice – the Rogue Olympic Plates. These cover all the essentials – sold in pairs, made from old school cast iron, a heavy duty black finish with silver lettering. Available in sizes from 1.25 lbs. all the way up to monster size 100 lbs. plates.
To properly equip a garage gym, we’d recommend:
- Two 1.25 lb plates (useful for micro-loading – or making very small increments of progress),
- two 2.5lb plates
- two 5lb plates,
- two 10lb plates,
- two 25lb plates,
- and as many pairs of 45 lbs. plates you think you’ll need as a start. You can always add more later.
And yes, we skipped the 35lb plates. Nobody needs the 35lb plates – you’ve got a 10 and a 25, right?
Rogue also offers machined cast iron plates and even calibrated steel plates. Why these? They look sharp – but more importantly they are more precisely manufactured – and these options are all about precision. The calibrated plates are within 10g of the specified weight. Obviously, these are a bit more expensive. If you must have precision, or you want something that looks really good – they are a great option. But otherwise, they are overkill for the average home or garage gym.
Let’s move on to the bumper plate options.
If you are training the Olympic lifts – or doing a little bit of powerlifting and Olympic lifting – you’ll want bumper plates. It will be challenging to find a source of high quality bumper plates locally, in most cases. We’ll highlight some better options here.
We’d go to the Rogue Color Kg Training 2.0 Plates as our primary choice. Why?
- Sold in a set (a pair each of 10KG, 15KG, and 20KG Plates), or buy what you need in pairs.
- They are training plates, not calibrated for competition – so they are cost-effective.
- Sold in a complete set, and color coded and looking sharp. If you’re going to build a man cave gym – let’s make it look good, ok?
- In Kilograms denomination – the world of Olympic lifts is ruled by the Kilogram.
- High quality- Make no mistake, these are not the garbage bumper plates in your local big box sporting goods store. These are serious training tools that will last a long, long time.
Bumper Plates – a more cost-effective option
If that option is a budget breaker, this would be our next choice: Rogue Color Echo Bumper Plate. These will get the job done, and save a bit of money at the same time. They are sold in a set, or purchase plates individually.
Do I Need Change Plates?
If you are buying bumpers, you’ll need Change Plates too. Change Plate is the terminology used for the smaller plates used with bumpers – sizes from about .5 KG up to about 5 KG. Key difference? These are much, much smaller in diameter than the big plates. Because they are so much smaller in diameter, they aren’t ever going to contact the floor – so they can be iron/steel or steel with a thin rubber coating. While the coating or lack thereof is not a concern – you will want plates that fit on the bar snugly – so they don’t rattle around excessively when you are dropping the barbell.
Some form of change plate is essential, because as we’ll discuss below, you’ll make the best progression in lifting by adding small amounts of weight at a time.
What are Fractional Plates?
Fractional plates really let you micro-load. What’s that? That’s keeping progress moving forward by adding very small amounts of weight, like adding 1 pound (or less) at a time. Fractional plates are even smaller than change plates and usually run from 1Lb down to .25Lb, or 1 Kg to .125 Kg. Again, since they are so tiny they aren’t ever going to contact the floor – so whether they are iron, or rubber coated is irrelevant.
If you are just getting started in your lifting career, you can probably live without the fractional plates, at least for a year or two. Intermediate and advanced lifters will benefit from having access to a set of fractional plates.
A typical beginner mistake is to take jumps in weight that are simply too big. You shouldn’t be adding 25 lbs. or even 10 lbs. to the bar every time you lift. For the major compound movements, such as the bench press, squat, and deadlift, shoot for a 5 lb increase.
Further, don’t discount the long-term progression you can make with micro-loading. For a beginner, adding 5 lbs. of weight per workout is excellent – but that’s not going to last forever. You will reach a point where adding 2.5 lbs., 1 lb, or even less is a necessary increment. This is also how you continue to milk gains out of a lifting cycle. Adding 3 lbs. over 3 weeks is better than adding 0 lbs.
Having the capability to add increments of less than 1Lb or 1KG are especially essential to lifts like the over head press. That lift reaches a point quickly where you’ll be glad to be adding 1 lb at a time…
So there you go. Some great choices. And there’s even more models and options on the Rogue website. We recommend you check out the detailed customer reviews as well – this is great intel to have before you make that purchase.
In Summary – Garage Gyms and Olympic Weight Plates
In summary, serious strength training requires an Olympic weightlifting barbell – and the weight plates to go with it. Consider investing in a high-quality barbell and bumper or steel plates – depending on whether or not you plan to get serious about power training and the Olympic lifts. They’ll last you a lifetime and pay countless dividends.
We hope this information has been useful, and in the next article, we’ll discuss further all the proper equipment needed for a well-equipped garage gym. If you have any questions, please let us know.
We’re a Rogue Fitness affiliate – so if you order equipment after clicking the links in this article we receive monetary compensation. But that’s not why we recommend Rogue. It’s because their equipment is tough, durable, well-made, and a lot of their best stuff is made in America. Their equipment looks good, and works even better. Their innovative designs and diversity of options make your training better – allowing you to reach your personal goals faster. And that’s why we love them.
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